In our last post we talked about what are the requirements that go into making compost. In this post, we talk about the ingredients that go in making compost and the process of making the same.
What are ingredients that should go in the compost?
To get the right kind of compost, you need to use the right type of ingredients. Getting the right balance of the ingredients takes time and you may not get the right balance in the very first attempt, but it is always good to remember the rule of using equal amounts of greens and browns in the compost that you are going to make.
Always use a compost bin to make your compost. Containers help confine the compost pile to a specific place or area in your garden or backyard. Some compost bins are insulated and they are deigned in a matter that helps to matter turn into compost faster. The bin will also hold the pile and the lid will not allow the unpleasant odours from the compost pile to spread around. Keeping the compost in a container will also ensure that rodents or other animals are kept away from it.
Some ingredients like grass mowing’s and weeds will rot faster, thus enabling the compost process to start quickly. These ingredients are often known as the activators in the compost process. The older a plant you add to the compost, the longer it will take to rot, but these are often what make up the bulk of a compost heap. If you are using wood in your compost, then it is always a good idea to shred or chop them and then add to the compost. Large and bulky pieces of wood often take a long time to rot.
We said earlier that you need to get the right balance of the greens and browns in the compost for the right texture and consistency. What you will also need is the right list of ingredients that are good to add in the compost.
So, what should you add to the pile?
We’ve listed some ingredients that are good to add in compost:
The greens – these are the nitrogen rich ingredients and grass cuttings and leaves and any other green material should be a part of this list. This list also includes all kitchen waste like vegetable and fruit peels, tea bags, ground coffee beans, animal and poultry manure, straw and hay.
The browns – these are carbon rich ingredients and take a longer time to rot. Torn newspapers, cardboard cartons, cereal boxes, egg cartons, tissue paper middles and waste paper should be a part of this list. Glossy magazines can be added, but these take a very long time to rot, so if you can, avoid it.
Others – Other materials that can be added include hair shavings, wood shavings, wood ash and 100% natural fibres.
However, there are also certain things that should not be added to the compost pile. Plastic in any form should be avoided because these do not decompose easily at all. Other things that you must avoid are disposable diapers, meat in any form, cooked food, coal, pet litter and glass.
Image courtesy: agverra.com
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